10 sites in China that commemorate the war against Japan

Updated: 2015-08-28 14:11:57


China's State Council has recently released the second batch of 100 state facilities and sites commemorating the war against Japan, as this year marks the 70th anniversary of the victory in the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (1937-45). The first 80 facilities and sites were released last year ahead of the 69th anniversary.

Japan invaded northeastern China in September 1931 and launched a full-scale invasion on July 7, 1937. About 35 million Chinese soldiers and civilians were killed or injured in the war that followed.

The war left behind a vast array of historical sites in various locations of China for people to remember the past. The following are some of the most visited ones.

The Museum of the War of Chinese People's Resistance Against Japanese Aggression in Beijing. The museum is currently holding the exhibition - titled Great Victory, Historic Contribution - displaying more than 2,800 war-related artifacts and 1,170 pictures. President Xi Jinping and the nation's top leaders were present for the exhibition's opening on July 7. [Photo/IC]

Lugou Bridge in Beijing. On the night of July 7, 1937, Japanese troops stationed near Lugou Bridge in the southwest of Beijing demanded entry to nearby Wanping county on the pretext of searching for a missing soldier. The Chinese military rejected the order and the Japanese bombed the county seat and Lugou Bridge. Historians agree that the attack signaled the beginning of Japan's full-scale invasion of China, though Japan had invaded the Northeast in September 1931. [Photo/IC]

The Panshan Martyrs' Cemetery in Ji county, Tianjin. Situated at the triangle area of Beijing, Tianjin and Tangshan, Panshan was one of the key locations during the war. [Photo/IC]

The statue of Five Heroes on Langya Mountain. During the war in 1941, five communist soldiers successfully deceived the Japanese army into believing they were besieging the main army while marching to Langya Mountain. When the Japanese found out, the five solders jumped off the cliff as they ran out of bullets. Three of them died and two luckily survived. The story was made into a movie in 1958 by China’s August First Film Studio. [Photo/IC]

The Pingxingguan Battle Site in Shanxi. The Battle of Pingxingguan took place in North China's Shanxi province in September 1937. The Communist troops, who were familiar with the mountainous area, cut off the enemy's logistics line and killed more than 1,000 Japanese troops in an ambush. [Photo/IC]

The World Anti-fascist War Memorial Park in Haila'er, in North China's Inner Mongolia autonomous region. The Haila'er World Anti-fascist Memorial Park was rebuilt from the Japanese army's fort in Haila'er. The 110-hectare park is a 5A-level red tourism park showing patriotism, internationalism and revolutionary heroism. The park has a museum, themed square, war relics and tourism facilities above ground, and the underground area maintains original structures of the Japanese army's military structures. [Photo/IC]

The 9.18 Historical Museum in Shenyang, Northeast China's Liaoning Province. The museum was founded to mark the Mukden Incident, or Sept 18 incident in 1931. On that day, Japanese troops destroyed a section of railway in northern Shenyang and attacked a Chinese garrison in the Beidaying area of the city the same night. The incident was the start of the Japanese military occupation of Northeast China, then known as Manchuria, until Japan surrendered in August 1945. [Photo/IC]

Shanghai Songhu Campaign Memorial Hall. The Battle of Songhu, also known as the Battle of Shanghai, was one of the bloodiest battles during China's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression. [Photo/IC]

The Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders in Nanjing, East China's Jiangsu province. In the Nanjing Massacre, more than 300,000 people were slaughtered and 80,000 women were raped by Japanese invasion troops. The horror began on the morning of December 13, 1937, when the Japanese Imperial Army captured Nanjing, which was then China's capital. [Photo/IC]

The Site of the Eighth Route Army's Office in Chongqing. In 1938, when the Chinese Communist Party Delegation moved from Wuhan to Chongqing, Zhou Enlai rented the three-storey building in his own name. The so-called Zhougong Guan (the Mansion of the Zhous') was the main place for handling official affairs then.

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